Timeline

The following timeline of the events of the War of 1812 was copied from the website of the General Society of the War of 1812.

1809
President James Madison inaugurated, March 4

1811
War Congress convenes, November 4

Battle of Tippecannoe, November 7

1812
United States declares war on Great Britain, June 18

Baltimore Riots, June – August

United States doubles Customs Duties, July 1

General William Hull enters Canada, July 12

Fort Michilimackinac surrenders to the British, July 17

Fort Dearborn massacre, August 15

General William Hull surrenders to General Isaac Brock at Detroit, August 16

The Constitution defeats HMS Guerrière, August 19

General Isaac Brock is killed at the Battle of Queenston Heights, October 13

The Wasp defeats HMS Frolic, October 18

The Wasp captured by HMS Poictiers, October 18

The United States defeats HMS Macedonian, October 25

Madison wins reelection, fall

British blockade South Carolina and Georgia, November

Americans retreat from eastern Canada, November 23

Americans attack outlying positions at Fort Erie, November 27

William Eustis resigns as Secretary of War, December 3

Monroe serves as Secretary of War, December 3 to February 5, 1813

Great Britain proclaims blockade of Chesapeake and Delaware Bays, December 26

The Constitution defeats HMS Java, December 29

Paul Hamilton resigns as Secretary of the Navy, December 29

1813
William Jones assumes his duties as Secretary of the Navy, January 12

Battle of Frenchtown, January 22

River Raisin massacre, January 23

John Armstrong becomes Secretary of War, February 5

The Hornet defeats HMS Peacock, February 24

Captain David Porter of the Essex rounds Cape Horn and sails into the Pacific to prey upon British whaling ships, March

Oliver Hazard Perry arrives at Presque Isle, Pennsylvania, to assume responsibility for constructing a fleet on Lake Erie, March 27

British naval forces raid in the Chesapeake Bay area, March to December

British blockade extended from Long Island to the Mississippi, March 30

Americans occupy part of west Florida, April 15

Wilkinson occupies Mobile, April 15

Americans capture York (Toronto), April 27

British burn Havre de Grace, May 3

Siege of Fort Meigs begins on May 1 and ends on May 5

British blockade additional middle and southern states, May 26

Americans capture Fort George, May 27

British forces repulsed at Sackett’s Harbor, May 29

HMS Shannon defeats the Chesapeake, June 1

Detachment of Americans defeated at Stoney Creek, June 6

Battle of Norfolk, June 22

Battle of Beaver Dams, June 24

British attack Hampton, June 25

Siege of Fort Madison begins, July

Battle of Burnt Corn, July 27

Major Croghan successfully defends Fort Stephenson against British attack, August 1

Battle of Fort Stephenson, August 2

Admiral Perry gets his fleet over the bar at Presque Isle and into Lake Erie, August 4

Fort Mims massacre, August 30

Battle of Lake Erie, September 10

Harrison lands in Canada, September 27

Battle of the Thames, October 5

Battle of Leipzig, October 16-19

Battle of Chateauguay, October 25-26

Battle of Tallushatchee, November 3

Great Britain offers United States direct peace negotiations, November 4

Battle of Talladega, November 9

Battle of Chrysler’s Farm, November 11

British extend blockade to all middle and southern states, November 16

Fort George evacuated and Newark burned by Americans, December 10

United States adopts embargo, December 17

Fort Niagara occupied by British, December 18

Lewiston, Fort Schlosser, Black Rock, and Buffalo destroyed by the British, December 19-31

1814
Battle of Emuckfau, January 22

Battle of Enotachopco, January 24

Battle of Horseshoe Bend, March 27-28

HMS Phoebe and HMS Cherub defeat the Essex, March 28

Napoleon abdicates French throne, April 11

United States repeals Embargo and Nonimportation Law, April 14

HMS Orpheus defeats the Frolic, April 20

British extend blockade to New England, April 25 – May 30

The Peacock defeats HMS Epervier, April 29

The Wasp II defeats HMS Reindeer, June 28

British occupy eastern Maine, July – September

Americans capture Fort Erie, July 3

Battle of Chippewa, July 5

Battle of Lundy’s Lane, July 25

United States public credit collapses, August

U.S banks suspend specie payments, August

Peace negotiations begin in Ghent, August 8

Great Britain outlines initial peace terms, August 8

The Creeks sign a treaty at Fort Jackson ceding much of their land, August 9

Siege of Fort Erie begins August 13 and ends September 21

British occupy Pensacola, August 14

Battle of Fort Erie, August 15

British land near Benedict, Maryland, August 19

Battle of Bladensburg, August 24

British burn Washington, August 24-25

British capture Alexandria, Virginia, August 28

Nantucket declares Neutrality, August 28

General George Prevost moves south toward Plattsburg, end of August

Armstrong resigns and Monroe takes over as Secretary of War, September 4

Battle of Plattsbugh, September 11

Battle of Lake Champlain, September 11

Prevost retreats to Canada, middle of September

British repulsed at Mobile, September 12-16

British bombard Fort McHenry, near Baltimore, September 13-14

Battle of North Point, near Baltimore, September 14

British abandon attempt to take Baltimore, September 14

Francis Scott Key writes the Star Spangled Banner, September 15

Americans sortie from Fort Erie, September 17

British squadron captures General Armstrong, September 26

Great Britain offers peace on basis of uti possidetis, October 21

Americans evacuate Fort Erie, November 5

Jackson seizes Pensacola, November 7

Jackson returns to Mobile, November 11

Jackson leaves for New Orleans, November 22

British fleet sails from Jamaica for New Orleans, November 25

Great Britain drops the uti possidetis, November 27

British overwhelm American gunboats on Lake Borgne, December 14

Hartford Convention, December 15 – January 5

United States adopts additional internal taxes, December 15 – February 27, 1815

British land their troops below New Orleans, December 23

General Andrew Jackson attacks in a surprise night battle, December 23

Preliminary battles around New Orleans, December 23 – January 1

Peace of Ghent signed, December 24

United States rejects conscription proposal, December 28

1815
Americans defeat British in the Battle of New Orleans, January 8
Final Battle of War of 1812 at Point Peter, Georgia, January 11

United States adopts second enemy trade law, February 4

United States rejects National Bank proposal, February 17

Ratifications of the Peace Treaty exchanged and President Madison
declares the war at an end, February 17